Our glossary is a perfect tool to make your steps in the Forex market more confident. Here you can find the definitions of all main trading concepts. Also, we’ve developed an A to Z index to make your navigation easier.
rise in value of one currency against another which has a floating rate.
a type of trading with excepted risks, when opposite transactions are carried out simultaneously on the same trading instrument.
a price offered to a trader to buy currency.
dealer’s slang for Australian Dollar.
the Central Bank of Canada.
the Central Bank of England
the Central Bank of Japan
total result of all completed financial operations on a trading account.
difference between the volumes of exported and imported goods for a certain period of time in a country.
is an instrument of technical analysis; a chart where prices are indicated with the help of bars or lines.
currency which goes first in the currency quote.
a trader whose trading tactics counts on the decline in the currency value.
a market which expects that currency rates will decline, «bearish market».
collection of the Federal Reserve reports which contains a review of the U.S. economic dynamics.
minimum interest rate which investors expect when buying securities.
price offered to traders to sell currency.
dealer’s slang to indicate currency pair movement by 100 points.
borrowing of foreign currency at interest for a certain period of time in the financial market.
rapid decline in price.
breakdown of the price below support level or above resistance level; breakdown of the trend line.
an agent who implements investors’ orders to conduct currency selling/buying transactions.
a Brokerage, whose mission is to bring together a seller and a buyer of foreign currency.
a trader, whose trading tactics relies on the rise in currency price.
market that expects the rise in the currency rate.
Central Bank of Germany.
currency purchase transaction.
dealer’s slang for the British Pound.
traders’ order to cancel Stop-Loss and Take-Profit orders.
order from a trader to a broker to cancel prior order with simultaneous replacement of the cancelled order with a new one.
tool of technical analysis, a chart where price is indicated with the help of “Japanese candles”.
economic indicator, which shows production capacity workload.
economic indicator of a number of sold cars, an index of consumer demand.
cash flow of the capital as a result of trading activity over a certain period of time.
a market where transactions are carried out at the prices specified through cash payment.
a financial institution which regulates monetary policy of a country.
difference between the price of the trading tool and its price on the closing session on the day before.
an economic indicator, showing retail sales dynamics.
area on the trading tool chart within limits of which price movements take place.
price chart, displaying changes in price over time.
a trader who uses charts and technical analysis indicators as tools to forecast market price movements.
trade settlement process.
the order closing procedure.
trader’s insurance deposit
situation on the technical analysis price chart when one or several indicators confirm the results of another indicator.
rollback of the price from the level reached.
national currency which can be freely exchanged (converted) into another currency without special approval from the Central Bank.
quoted currency which appears second in the currency quote record.
a currency quote without direct involvement of the USD.
exchange of one currency for another, in a financial market.
is the possibility of free exchange of one currency into another.
option contract which entitles a trader to buy or sell one currency for another at an agreed quote and within stipulated time frame.
two indicated currencies which make up a quote at the financial market.
price rate of one currency against another one.
letter symbols to indicate currency.
trading operations to buy/sell one currency for another according to established rules.
repetition of a certain pattern of price movement at time intervals.
trader’s order to buy or sell which is valid until the end of the trading day and is cancelled automatically in case of non-performance on the day of issue.
a trader who trades at the market during one day session.
opening and closing of the same position within one trading day.
market participant who deals with currency buying and selling on his own account.
non-cash currency trading.
a company which provides access to financial markets by creating clients’ applications for opening currency positions.
amount of money transferred to the trader’s account to cover further operations.
a situation in technical analysis when charts of indicators differ from price chart.
amount of foreign currency required to buy a unit of national currency.
downward movement of currency price.
downward trend of currency price at the market.
a pattern of technical analysis, displaying the situation when the rate goes up to a certain level twice and then descends.
a pattern of technical analysis indicating the situation when the rate goes down to a certain level twice and then goes up.
European Central Bank, ECB.
is a fundamental analysis indicator, which shows general trends in economy.
is a market theory, which reflects all factors, affecting changes in quotes.
Elliot theory according to which prices movement has a waveform (5 waves upward, 3 waves downward).
economic indicator of labor market.
Unified currency of the European Union.
Central Bank of the European currency Union.
the rate of buying/selling one currency for another.
macro-economic indicator of real estate sales at the secondary housing market.
production orders (orders for durable and non-durable goods).
Central Bank of the United States of America.
Federal Reserve System of the USA.
Dealer’s slang to indicate basic figures of the exchange rate value or 100 points of the exchange rate movement.
is a pattern on a technical analysis chart indicating situation when currency price goes up significantly, and after that moves in a narrow range for some time, and then falls rapidly.
is a price which moves with no rises or falls.
amount of profit or loss on currently opened positions which is not fixed and is subject to change.
a broker who takes part in trading on floor.
Estimation of future trend of price movement, taking into account historical data of technical analysis and current macro-economic indicators.
conversion operations of the foreign currency exchange.
financial market where buyers and sellers carry out currency buying/selling transactions.
is a currency of any foreign country which can be used as a medium of circulation in another country.
«forward» currency market where currency transactions are concluded at the prices set today, but at a future time specified in the contract.
trader’s funds on the deposit which are not used as a pledge to open positions.
is a method of forecasting price changes which is built up on the analysis of the current economic situation.
are the most developed countries, including the USA, Japan, Great Britain, Germany, France, Italy and Canada, which meet periodically at summits to resolve the issues of the world economic development, «Big Seven».
is a break on the price chart of technical analysis which is caused by the difference in opening price of a new day and the closing price the day before.
«Greenback», dealer’s slang for the U.S. Dollar.
aggregate value of goods and services produced in a country in a certain period of time.
gross domestic product plus income, gained from investments or work performed overseas.
strategy which is used to reduce investment risks when urgent selling/buying transactions are concluded.
characteristic of a transaction when risk of changes in currency rate can be covered by hedging.
American Funds which use hedging instruments.
respectively, the highest and the lowest currency prices during the current trading day.
macro-economic index which shows the number of houses under construction and the number of construction permits.
business optimism index, calculated by the Institute of Economic Research in Germany.
data on dynamics of prices for the U.S. imports/exports.
quotes which contain information and which are not used for opening currency positions.
cost per unit of domestic currency indicated in the foreign currency units.
data which gives information on the general state of economy or financial markets.
is an economic index, indicator of industrial production, which shows total output amount of national plants.
value of initial deposit which shall be invested as a guarantee for transactions in the future.
currency rates set by large International Banks for the other large International Banks.
is the payment for using the money borrowed as a loan.
is a sum of money which is credited or paid to a lender by a borrower for the use of money. It’s calculated as the ratio of the payment for the use of money to the credit total amount. For instance, if a lender (bank) requires a client to pay $90 a year for the credit of $1000, the interest rate will make 9% (90/1000 * 100%). The interest rate can vary as a result of inflation or change of The Federal Reserve’s policy.
currency trading during one trading day.
technology of instant transactions execution when streaming quotes are available in the online mode.
rise of the general level of prices.
a holder of financial resources on whose behalf currency transactions are conducted at the currency market.
economic indicator, showing a number of the registered unemployed.
dealer’s slang for New Zealand Dollar.
average value of the last bid and ask values; the price of the last transaction.
index of the leading macro-economic indicators.
ratio between one’s own and borrowed money, used to conduct transaction.
trader’s order to open short or long position when the price reaches the target level.
closure of a trader’s open currency position.
currency which can be bought or sold without restrictions at the world financial market.
is the ability to easily sell or buy security or currency.
is currency purchase, when “buy” position is opened.
reduction in deposit amount due to losses.
the smallest indivisible volume of a selling/buying transaction, at the currency market.
minimum amount on trader’s deposit necessary to maintain his open positions.
is an insurance deposit which provides cover of possible losses of a marginal trade, and is used as a pledge.
a message from a dealing centre to a trader saying that it is necessary to increase funds on marginal account.
an indicator showing the state of a trader’s trading account.
is currency trading supported by the margin pledge.
a large bank or financial company which has significant share of market operations and which exerts influence on the current level of currency rates.
is a difference between the currency buying and selling price, established by a market maker.
an order which is not limited either by time period, or by price and which should be performed immediately at the best current price.
physical market; a trading place.
the last market price at which a transaction was conducted.
medium sized bank or financial company which uses current quotes established by market makers, for currency operations.
minimum amount which a client has on his account.
is a characteristic of a price movement; speed of change in currency price.
macro-economic indicator which shows the increase in a number of industrial orders.
total amount of currency for all open positions held by a trader.
number of employees on the payroll (excluding agricultural sector).
is the price at which a buyer is requested to make a purchase.
is dealer’s slang name for the Bank of England.
orders for open positions which will be performed when a declared currency price is reached.
a position where transaction results are not yet recorded.
trader’s order to a broker to conduct currency selling/buying transaction at a specified price.
a technical analysis tool utilized by the market, to predict the future course of a currency.
index of production volume output.
a market situation which takes place after a rapid and significant currency rise.
a situation in the market which happens after a rapid and significant currency decline.
economic data indicating changes in personal incomes of a country’s population.
economic data indicating changes in spending of a country’s population.
minimum movement in a currency price.
a number of opened “long” and “short” positions held by a trader.
dealer’s slang indicating a Great British Pound (GBP).
index of producer prices (Producer Price Index).
determines the amount at which future prices will surpass spot prices.
quotes of one currency price against another currency.
amount gained as a result of trading operations.
computerized trading system in which currency buy/sell signals are generated by a specially developed program.
the price of one currency, indicated in the units of another currency.
difference between two prices.
a horizontal or inclined price level on the chart; upper limit of price fluctuation.
an indicator showing changes of retail prices in Great Britain.
an indicator of the retail sales volume.
correction of a trend, rollback of a trend for a certain value to an opposite direction, after which original movement is resumed.
the way of transferring Stop-Loss orders to more favourable positions.
technical indicator, which specifies oversold and overbought zones.
prompt strategy of gaining profit with the help of insignificant changes of the currencies prices.
currency selling operation.
open selling position.
an open position for selling currency with the intention to buy it in the future at a lower price.
significant difference between subsequent quote and its previous value.
transaction which is carried out immediately but with the payment made within two days from the moment of its conclusion.
difference between buying and selling prices of the currency, indicated in points.
result of trader’s transactions at which profit size is equal to the losses size.
dealer’s slang for the British Pound.
currency buy or sell order when a specified price level is reached.
pending orders; execution of the order is delayed by a dealer until the price at the market reaches the level, specified in the order.
order to close positions to limit losses.
horizontal or inclined price level on the chart; upper limit of price fluctuation.
funds that are retained or added to a trader’s account for rollover to the next day.
points calculated in advance for transferring open position to the next day with the help of swap operation.
dealer’s slang for Swiss Franc.
currency sell/buy order for the open position at a specified price to gain profit.
is a method of forecasting future price direction with the help of price charts examination.
minimum one time change of a trading tool price, in the financial markets.
price chart built on the ticks values.
market with low liquidity.
highest price of a transaction today.
lowest price of a transaction today.
a person who buys and sells currencies from his personal account.
trade balance is the difference between export and import values over a certain period of time.
securities or currency trading.
a set of software and hardware supporting trading in the market.
order to minimize losses.
an operation of opening and closing of a currency position.
payment for buying or selling of a financial tool.
the date of currency transaction operation.
a term of technical analysis, indicating general direction of the price movement.
straight line on a price chart drawn across the minimum values (in case of ascending trend) or across maximum values (in case of descending trend).
macro-economic indication which shows unemployment rate (in percentage against total number of able-bodied population).
new price quote which is higher than previous price.
ascending price trend, “bullish” trend.
the date when transaction terms are implemented.
the speed at which price moves.
activity level of currency trading.
is a bar chart that shows the volume of conducted transactions.
Index is a macro-economic index of data on wages
is a macro-economic index of changes in wholesale prices.
is a macro-economic index of changes in wholesale sales.
means a billion US Dollars, in dealer’s slang.
The Center of European economic research – non-commercial research institute founded in1990, which is located in Hamburg.
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