Foreign exchange open market is the rate of interest that is paid on any debt security that trades in the open market. It reacts directly to advancement in supply and demand.
Dividends and profit rates for such debt instruments as commercial paper and banker's acceptances are open-market rates. The rates are entirely different from discount rate and other official rates that are set by the Federal Reserve Policy. These rates usually apply to any debt instrument that trades in the secondary market. This does not apply to bank commercial loan rates, as they are largely determined by Federal Reserve Policy.
1. OPEN MARKET ORDER: This order is usually carried out after all the relevant documentation has been filed, to purchase or trade restricted securities openly on an exchange. This is simply an order placed by an insider to either buy or sell shares according to the rules and regulations. The importance of an open market order is that the insider is voluntarily buying or selling shares at or close to the market price.
2. BANKER’S ACCEPTANCE: A banker's acceptance and acknowledgement is a limited debt instrument issued by a company that is approved by a commercial bank. Banker's acceptances are usually issued as part of a commercial transaction. These instruments are often used intermittently in the money market funds and are traded at a premium from face value on the secondary market, which can be an advantage because the banker's acceptance does not need to be held until it develops.Contrary to traditional checks, banker’s acceptances function are based on the credit competence of the banking institution instead of the individual or business acting as the drawer. More so, the drawer must present the funds that is necessary to aid the banker’s acceptance, removing the risk associated with deficient funds on the part of the drawer.
3. INTEREST RATE INDEX: This is an index that is based off the basket of financial instruments. An interest rate index serves as the criterion used to measure the interest rate charged on financial products, such as mortgages.Investors, borrowers and lenders.Use the index to know the interest rates of the financial products they buy and sell.The interest rate index can be based on changes to a single item, such as complex series of rates. For instance, an index may be positioned on the monthly weighted average cost of funds for banks within a state.
4. KEY RATE: This is the specific interest rate that determines bank lending rates and the cost of credit for borrowers. The key rates are one of the major tools used by the Federal Reserve System to implement monetary policy. When the Federal Reserve System wants to increase the money supply, it reduces one or both key rates in order to decrease the cost of borrowing. When the Federal Reserve System is in a contractionary aspect, it will increase the rates to inflate the cost of borrowing.
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